Weather & Disasters
During Cold Weather
Bring all pets indoors when temperatures
drop below 32 degrees F.
If your dog lives outside, make sure
to provide a well-insulated and draft-free dog
house. the opening should face south with a
sturdy, flexible covering. Use dry bedding like
straw, not towels.
Keep pets warm, dry and away from drafts
while inside. A tile or uncarpeted floor may
become very cold. Place blankets and pads on
Groom your pet regularly . his coat needs
to be groomed to keep him properly insulated.
Feed your pet additional calories if
he spends a lot of time outdoors or is a working
animal. It takes more energy in the winter to
keep body temps regulated.
If you own a short-haired breed, consider
a warm sweater for your dog. This may seem like
a luxury but it is necessary for many pets with
Puppies and small dogs do not tolerate
the cold as well as larger dogs. Place newspapers
down on your porch or yard to help make housetraining
Towel or blow-dry your dog if he gets
wet from rain or snow . dry and clean his paws,
Be very careful that your pet does not
eat antifreeze which collects or driveways and
roads. it is lethal.
Rock salt, used to melt ice on sidewalks
may irritate footpads. Be sure to rince and
dry your dog's feet after being outside.
Provide plenty of fresh water . snow
is no substitute for water.
Frostbite is a winter hazard . to prevent
it on ears, tail, and feet keep your pet inside.
Be very careful around fireplaces and
portable heaters. they care severely burn your
pet. Make sure all fireplaces have screens and
keep portable heaters out of reach.
During Hot Weather
Always make sure outdoor pets have access
to clean water at all times.
Provide shade at all times of the day
especially if the animal is outdoors.
Remember to secure plastic water bowls
(metal bowls conduct heat) to the ground so
your pet cannot accidentally tip it over.
Be sensitive to old or overweight pets
in hot weather. Keep them in air conditioning
as much as possible.
Be careful not to allow pets in areas
that may have been sprayed with insecticides
and other chemicals . they can poison your pet.
Be aware if your pet is showing signs
of heat exhaustion (excessive panting, lethargic
behavior). Immediately begin treatment by applying
cold water to your pet's extremities. See your
Keep your pet well groomed. Have your
vet recommend a safe, effective flea and tick
Remember during the summer months mosquitoes
are out. Make sure your pet is tested by a vet
for Heartworm Disease and begin year-round Heartworm
Be sure there are no open, unscreened
windows or doors through which your pet can
fall or jump.
Never leave your pet unattended in a
parked car. The temp in a car can reach 100
degrees in minutes.
Remember that if you run or jog with
your dog, take frequent water breaks for yourself
and your dog. Also remember that asphalt and
concrete get hot quickly . on extremely hot
days, leave your dog at home. Exercise your
pet in the cool morning or evening.
Remember that coolant, even in tiny doses,
is a lethal poison for dogs and cats. Clean
up any spills from your vehicle.
Remember that during the summer, your
dog is at risk of getting fly bites. If untreated,
these bites can become bloody and infected.
Your vet can prescribe a repellant ointment
or gel to heal the sores.
Be sure your pet is prepared for whatever Mother
Nature sends your way. For starters, include two
phone numbers on your pet's tag in case your home
phone becomes disconnected.
Microchip your pet as a permanent means of identification.
Create a "Pet Disaster Kit" in a sturdy,
Rubbermaid-type trash can on wheels with a tight-fitting
lid that is ready to take at a moment's notice.
extra leads and collars
canned pet food and can opener
litter box and litter
current photos of pets in case you are
separated from your pet and need proof of ownership
extra medications and copies of medical
a list of emergency veterinarians and
their phone numbers
a pet first aid kit
Contacting hotels/motels in your area
to check policies on accepting pets and restrictions
on number, size and species.
Ask friends, relatives or others outside
the affected area whether they could shelter
your animals during the transition after a disaster.
Prepare a list of boarding facilities
and veterinarians who could shelter animals
in an emergency; include 24-hour phone numbers.
Ask local animal shelters if they provide
emergency shelter or foster care for pets in
a disaster. Animal shelters may be overburdened
caring for the animals they already have as
well as those displaced by a disaster, so this
should be your last resort.